History By Heroes & Legends

Heroes and Legends is a channel dedicated to exploring the lives and stories of great individuals that have made an impact on history, culture or our way of life, but whose deeper personal stories have often been overlooked, ignored or misrepresented.

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Get behind the myth and into the minds of heroes to better understand their story. See the Description section of each video for more links and further info.

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Resources

A collection of downloadable historical documents you may find of interest, which we believe to be in the public domain, and freely available. If any of these items are subject to copyright, please let us know and we will remove them.

Thomas Paine- African Slavery in America (1775)

Thomas Paine- Common Sense (1776)

Thomas Paine- The American Crisis (1776)

Thomas Paine- The Rights of Man pt1. (1791)

Thomas Paine- The Rights of Man pt2. (1792)

Thomas Paine- Age of Reason (1793)

Thomas Paine- Agrarian Justice (1795)

Ibn Battouta’s Rihla (1355)

Antonio Pigafetta’s account of Magellan’s Circumnavigation voyage of 1519-1522

Roald Amundsen: The North West Passage (1907)

Roald Amundsen: The South Pole (Vols 1 & 2) (1912)

Roald Amundsen: My Life as an Explorer (1927)

The Catalpa Expedition by ZW Pease 1897

Masserano Declaration 1771

Amurath to Amurath by Gertrude Bell

The Letters of Gertrude Bell Vol.1

The Letters of Gertrude Bell Vol.2

The King of Pyrates by Daniel Defoe 1719

The Hawkins Voyages to Mughal India

Tesla, Prodigal Genius by J. O’Neill

My Inventions (aka Strange Life of Nikola Tesla)

By Nikola Tesla

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📅 HLD: The Peace of Konstanz - 25th June 1183 🤝📜HomeHomeOn June 25th, 1183, the Peace of Konstanz was signed, marking a significant turning point in the power dynamics of medieval Europe. This treaty brought an end to the prolonged conflict between the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and the Lombard League, a coalition of northern Italian city-states.HomeHomeThe conflict, known as the Lombard Wars, began in the mid-12th century when the Lombard League formed in opposition to Frederick Barbarossa's attempts to assert imperial control over northern Italy. The cities of Milan, Venice, Bologna, and others sought to maintain their autonomy and resisted the Emperor's centralising ambitions. The battles were fierce, with the most notable being the Battle of Legnano in 1176, where the Lombard League achieved a decisive victory against Frederick's forces.HomeHomeKey provisions of the Peace of Konstanz included the confirmation of the cities' rights to self-governance, their ability to elect their own officials, and their right to maintain their fortifications. In return, the Lombard cities agreed to pay a tribute to the Emperor and recognise his overlordship.HomeHomeThe signing of the Peace of Konstanz had several significant implications:HomeHomeAutonomy for Lombard Cities: The treaty secured the independence of the northern Italian city-states, allowing them to flourish economically and politically. This autonomy laid the foundation for the rise of powerful city-states during the Renaissance.HomeHomeWeakened Imperial Authority: Although Frederick Barbarossa retained nominal control, the treaty underscored the limitations of the Holy Roman Emperor's power over the Italian territories. This decentralisation would continue to shape the political landscape of the Holy Roman Empire.HomeHomeDiplomatic Precedent: The Peace of Konstanz set a precedent for resolving conflicts through diplomacy rather than prolonged warfare. It demonstrated the effectiveness of negotiation in achieving lasting peace and stability.HomeHome#peaceofkonstanz #MedievalHistory #lombardleague #frederickbarbarossa 📜🤝 ... See MoreSee Less
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📅 HLD: The Viking Loire Raid and the Sack of Nantes - 24th June 843 ⚔️🛡️HomeHomeOn June 24th, 843, the city of Nantes in Brittany, France, faced a devastating raid by Viking forces. This brutal attack, led by the legendary Viking chieftain Hastein, is remembered as one of the most significant Viking incursions into the Frankish Empire and left an indelible mark on the history of Nantes.HomeHomeThe Vikings, seafaring warriors from Scandinavia, had been raiding the coasts of Europe since the late 8th century. By the mid-9th century, they had developed a formidable reputation for their swift and savage attacks. The Loire River, a vital artery into the heart of the Frankish territories, became a strategic target for these Norse marauders.HomeHomeThe raid on Nantes was meticulously planned and executed. On the feast day of St. John the Baptist, the Vikings capitalised on the city's festivities and lowered defences. Arriving under the cover of early morning mist, they swiftly overwhelmed the city's defences, catching the inhabitants by surprise. Churches and monasteries, repositories of wealth and treasures, were primary targets for the Viking raiders. The Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul, along with other religious establishments, was looted and set ablaze. The city's clergy, including the Bishop of Nantes, Gohard, were mercilessly slaughtered, highlighting the ruthlessness of the attackers.HomeHomeThe sack of Nantes underscored the vulnerability of even inland cities to Viking raids and showcased the strategic acumen and ferocity of the Norse warriors. The aftermath of the raid left Nantes in ruins, its population decimated, and its surviving inhabitants living in fear of further Viking onslaughts.HomeHomeThis event marked a turning point in the Frankish approach to Viking threats. It led to increased military and fortification efforts by the Carolingians and other European powers to defend against these relentless invaders. HomeFor more on the Viking raids see or Youtube video: Codfish HeroesHomeyoutu.be/xxyuiZeHWq0HomeHome#VikingRaid #sackofnantes #MedievalHistory #OnThisDay ⚔️🛡️ ... See MoreSee Less
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📅 HLD: The Death of Turgut Reis - 23rd June 1565: The End of an Ottoman Legend ⚓️🕌HomeHomeOn June 23rd, 1565, Turgut Reis, one of the most renowned Ottoman admirals and corsairs, met his end during the Great Siege of Malta. Known in the West as Dragut, his death marked the conclusion of a remarkable career that spanned decades and seas, making a lasting impact on Mediterranean naval history.HomeHomeBorn around 1485 in present-day Turkey, Turgut Reis joined the ranks of the infamous Barbary corsairs as a young man. Quickly gaining a reputation for his naval prowess and strategic acumen, he rose to prominence under the command of Hayreddin Barbarossa, becoming one of the most feared and respected naval commanders of his time.HomeHomeThroughout his career, Turgut led numerous successful raids and battles against Christian forces in the Mediterranean. His ability to outmaneuver and outfight his opponents earned him the moniker "The Drawn Sword of Islam." He captured and governed the island of Djerba and played a crucial role in the Ottoman victory at the Battle of Preveza in 1538, securing Ottoman dominance over the Mediterranean Sea.HomeHomeTurgut's most notable and final campaign was the Great Siege of Malta in 1565. The siege, a pivotal confrontation between the Ottoman Empire and the Knights Hospitaller. Despite his advanced age, Turgut led his men with characteristic tenacity. However, the siege proved arduous and costly for both sides. On June 17th, Turgut was struck by debris from cannon fire while directing the bombardment of Fort St. Elmo. Mortally wounded, he was taken to his tent, where he succumbed to his injuries six days later on June 23rd, 1565.HomeHomeTurgut Reis's death was a significant blow to the Ottoman forces and marked a turning point in the siege. The Knights Hospitaller, bolstered by the resilience and strategic ingenuity of their Grand Master, Jean Parisot de Valette, ultimately repelled the Ottoman assault, preserving Malta as a Christian bastion in the Mediterranean.HomeHomeTo learn more, see our Youtube video Knights Hospitaller Homeyoutu.be/wc-5BHm6ynIHomeHome#TurgutReis #GreatSiegeOfMalta #OttomanHistory #NavalWarfare #OnThisDay ⚓️🕌 ... See MoreSee Less
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📅 On this Day: The Battle of Pydna - 22nd June 168 BC: Rome's Decisive Victory over Macedon ⚔️🇬🇷HomeHomeOn June 22nd, 168 BC, the Battle of Pydna marked a pivotal moment in ancient history, sealing the fate of Macedon and affirming Rome's supremacy in the Mediterranean world. This confrontation between the Roman Republic, led by Consul Lucius Aemilius Paullus, and the Macedonian Kingdom, under King Perseus, was a decisive engagement of the Third Macedonian War.HomeHomeBy 168 BC, Rome had already demonstrated its military prowess in previous wars against Carthage and various Hellenistic kingdoms. Perseus, inheriting the throne from his father Philip V, sought to restore Macedonian power but underestimated Rome's resolve.HomeHomeThe battlefield near Pydna, a small town in northern Greece, was chosen for its strategic significance. The Macedonian phalanx, renowned for its formidable spear formation, initially appeared invincible. However, the terrain played a crucial role in the battle's outcome. As the two armies clashed, the uneven ground disrupted the Macedonian phalanx, creating gaps and reducing its effectiveness.HomeHomeRecognizing this vulnerability, Aemilius Paullus capitalized on the situation. Roman legions, known for their flexibility and discipline, exploited the disarray within the Macedonian ranks. The Romans' superior tactics and adaptability allowed them to penetrate the phalanx and engage in close combat, where their short swords, or gladii, proved lethal.HomeHomeThe battle was a rout. Macedonian forces suffered heavy casualties, with over 20,000 soldiers killed and many more captured. King Perseus fled the battlefield but was later captured, ending the Antigonid dynasty's reign and marking the fall of Macedon.HomeHomeRome's victory at Pydna also set the stage for its transformation from a regional power into an empire. The defeat of Macedon eliminated one of the last significant Hellenistic states, paving the way for Roman expansion and the spread of Roman culture and influence throughout the Mediterranean basin.HomeHome#battleofpydna #romanhistory #macedonianwars #ancientbattles #OnThisDay ⚔️🇬🇷 ... See MoreSee Less
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Excerpts: Shakespeare's examination of Power and Contrast ... See MoreSee Less
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