History By Heroes & Legends

Heroes and Legends is a channel dedicated to exploring the lives and stories of great individuals that have made an impact on history, culture or our way of life, but whose deeper personal stories have often been overlooked, ignored or misrepresented.

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Get behind the myth and into the minds of heroes to better understand their story. See the Description section of each video for more links and further info.


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A collection of downloadable historical documents you may find of interest, which we believe to be in the public domain, and freely available. If any of these items are subject to copyright, please let us know and we will remove them.

Thomas Paine- African Slavery in America (1775)

Thomas Paine- Common Sense (1776)

Thomas Paine- The American Crisis (1776)

Thomas Paine- The Rights of Man pt1. (1791)

Thomas Paine- The Rights of Man pt2. (1792)

Thomas Paine- Age of Reason (1793)

Thomas Paine- Agrarian Justice (1795)

Ibn Battouta’s Rihla (1355)

Antonio Pigafetta’s account of Magellan’s Circumnavigation voyage of 1519-1522

Roald Amundsen: The North West Passage (1907)

Roald Amundsen: The South Pole (Vols 1 & 2) (1912)

Roald Amundsen: My Life as an Explorer (1927)

The Catalpa Expedition by ZW Pease 1897

Masserano Declaration 1771

Amurath to Amurath by Gertrude Bell

The Letters of Gertrude Bell Vol.1

The Letters of Gertrude Bell Vol.2

The King of Pyrates by Daniel Defoe 1719

The Hawkins Voyages to Mughal India

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🏰 El Cid Occupies Valencia: June 15th, 1094 🐎HomeHomeOn June 15th, 1094, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, better known as El Cid, achieved a significant victory in the Reconquista when he captured the city of Valencia from Muslim rule. This conquest marked a pivotal moment in the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula and solidified El Cid's legendary status as a military leader and hero of Spanish history.HomeHomeEl Cid, a Castilian nobleman and military commander, had distinguished himself in the service of both Christian and Muslim rulers during the tumultuous period of the Reconquista. Despite facing political intrigue and betrayal, El Cid emerged as a formidable warrior and leader, earning the respect of his allies and adversaries alike.HomeHomeThe siege and capture of Valencia represented one of El Cid's most remarkable military feats. Over several years, he waged a determined campaign against the Muslim rulers of Valencia, gradually tightening the noose around the city. With strategic brilliance and tactical acumen, El Cid orchestrated a blockade that eventually led to the surrender of the city.HomeHomeThe fall of Valencia to Christian forces under El Cid's command marked a significant turning point in the Reconquista, demonstrating the Christian kingdoms' growing strength and territorial expansion into Muslim-controlled territories. El Cid's capture of Valencia paved the way for its integration into the emerging Kingdom of Aragon and contributed to the eventual reunification of Spain under Christian rule.HomeHomeEl Cid's conquest of Valencia remains a celebrated chapter in Spanish history, symbolising the resilience and determination of the Christian kingdoms in their quest to reclaim the Iberian Peninsula from Islamic rule. His legacy as a legendary knight and national hero endures to this day, immortalised in literature, art, and folklore.HomeHome#ElCid #Valencia #Reconquista #spanishhistory #militaryhistory #LegendaryLeaders #OnThisDay 🏰🐎🇪🇸 ... See MoreSee Less
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Excerpts: Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire ... See MoreSee Less
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🇬🇧 Surrender of Argentine Forces in the Falklands: June 14th, 1982 🇦🇷HomeHomeOn June 14th, 1982, the Falklands War reached its dramatic conclusion with the surrender of Argentine forces to the British military. This pivotal event marked the end of a 10-week conflict that had profound implications for both nations and significantly impacted global perceptions of military and political resolve.HomeHomeThe Falklands War began on April 2nd, 1982, when Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic. Argentina, under the military dictatorship of General Leopoldo Galtieri, aimed to assert its long-standing claim over the islands, which it referred to as Las Malvinas. The invasion was met with immediate condemnation from the United Kingdom, led by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who vowed to reclaim the islands.HomeHomeBritain swiftly assembled a naval task force and launched a military campaign to retake the Falklands. By mid-June, British forces had effectively surrounded the Argentine positions in Stanley, the capital of the Falklands. Realising the untenable situation, Argentine General Mario Menéndez, the military governor of the islands, signed the Instrument of Surrender on June 14th, 1982. HomeHomeThe victory was celebrated in Britain, bolstering Margaret Thatcher's government and reaffirming British sovereignty over the Falklands. The war also had significant repercussions in Argentina, where the defeat undermined the ruling military junta, leading to the restoration of democracy in 1983.HomeHomeThe Falklands War left a lasting legacy, with the islands remaining a point of contention between Britain and Argentina. For the Falkland Islanders, the conflict reinforced their desire to remain under British governance, a sentiment expressed through subsequent referendums.🇬🇧🇦🇷HomeHomeYou can learn more about the conflict in our documentary on Margaret Thatcher:Homeyoutu.be/6nwe0f_YBzIHomeas well as two shorter excerpts on the early history of the Falklands: youtu.be/Aj05HD43JB4 and the war itself: youtu.be/1y_YPsgIz_YHome#FalklandsWar #1982 #britishhistory #ArgentineHistory #sovereignty #militaryhistory #OnThisDay ... See MoreSee Less
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🌹📜 Celebrating the Feast Day of St. Anthony of Padua 🌟🙏HomeHomeToday, on June 13th, we honour the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua, a beloved and revered saint whose life of holiness, eloquence, and miracles continues to inspire the faithful around the world. Join us as we reflect on the profound significance of this special day and the enduring legacy of this extraordinary saint. 🌹📜HomeHome👨‍🏫 Renowned Preacher and Teacher: St. Anthony of Padua, born Fernando Martins de Bulhões in Lisbon, Portugal, was a gifted preacher and teacher known for his deep knowledge of Scripture and theological insight. His powerful sermons and ability to communicate the Gospel message with clarity and conviction earned him the title "Doctor of the Church."HomeHome✨ Miracle Worker: St. Anthony is widely venerated for the many miracles attributed to his intercession. Known as the "Wonder Worker," his miracles include healings, the restoration of lost items, and even raising the dead. His reputation for miraculous interventions has made him a beloved figure among those seeking help in times of need.HomeHome🙏 Mystical Vision: According to tradition, St. Anthony experienced a mystical vision in which the Christ Child appeared to him. This vision is said to have occurred while he was staying as a guest at the home of a nobleman. In the vision, St. Anthony held the Christ Child in his arms, and the child embraced him in return, and so most images of the Saint show him in this visage. St. Anthony's life was marked by his profound compassion for the poor and marginalized. He dedicated himself to serving those in need, embodying the spirit of Christ's love and mercy. His legacy of charity and service continues to inspire acts of kindness and generosity in communities around the world.HomeHome🌹 Patron Saint of Lost Things: One of the most popular devotions to St. Anthony is as the patron saint of lost items. Many turn to him in prayer when they have lost something precious, trusting in his intercession to help them find what they seek. This devotion is a testament to his enduring connection to the daily lives of the faithful.🌹🙏Home#StAnthonyofPadua #FeastDay #WonderWorker ... See MoreSee Less
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🇬🇧🇪🇬 The Last British Troops Leave the Suez Canal Zone: June 13th, 1956 🇪🇬🇬🇧HomeHomeOn June 13th, 1956, the last British troops departed from the Suez Canal Zone in Egypt, marking the end of a significant chapter in both British and Egyptian history. This event was the culmination of years of political tension and negotiation, and it signalled a shift in the balance of power in the Middle East.HomeHomeThe Suez Canal, completed in 1869, was a vital strategic waterway linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, and by extension, Europe to Asia. Following World War II, Egypt's demands for full sovereignty grew stronger. The 1952 revolution, led by the Free Officers Movement and resulting in the abdication of King Farouk, brought Gamal Abdel Nasser to power. Nasser was a staunch nationalist committed to ending British influence in Egypt.HomeHomeIn October 1954, after prolonged negotiations, Britain and Egypt signed the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement. This accord stipulated that British troops would withdraw from the Suez Canal Zone within 20 months, although the canal would remain accessible to both nations. The agreement reflected Britain's diminishing global influence and the rising tide of anti-colonial sentiment.HomeHomeOn June 13th, 1956, the last British soldiers left the Suez Canal Zone, marking the end of a 74-year military presence. This withdrawal was a moment of immense pride for Egyptians and a significant step towards full national sovereignty.HomeHomeHowever, the Suez Canal's strategic importance meant it would remain a focal point of international tension. Just a few months later, in July 1956, Nasser nationalised the Suez Canal, leading to the Suez Crisis. This conflict underscored the geopolitical significance of the canal and highlighted the complex interplay of national aspirations and international interests in the post-colonial world.HomeHomeYou can learn more about the conflict in our documentary on Margaret Thatcher: youtu.be/6nwe0f_YBzIHomeor a shorter extract on the Suez Crisis here: youtu.be/D1O5myIoYhIHomeHome#suezcanal #britishtroops #Egypt #gamalabdelnasser #postcolonialhistory #middleeasthistory #1956 #OnThisDay 🇪🇬🇬🇧 ... See MoreSee Less
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